Social Democratic Parties in Central and Southeast Europe

According to Max Weber, political parties represent voluntary associations whose mail goal is to control the resources of the state (power, jobs, money) through their leaders. However, Weber notes that north and western Europe are a special case, where parties are constituted as "ethos communities" of which the German social democracy is a prime example.



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Foreign Policy Review

In this issue we try to answer a few crucial questions on the future of regional cooperation and EU accession from four different standpoints (the Albanian, Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian). How do the four mentioned states and their foreign policies accept the imperative of good neighborly cooperation as a condition for the accession processes.



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Joint History Project Phase I - Book 1: The Ottoman Empire

Our partners at CDRSEE, with our support published this book series as a alternative method to teaching history in southeastern Europe. The History Education Committee of the Centre for Democracy and Reconciliation in Southeast Europe (CDRSEE) began work on the Joint History Project in 1999. After organising two series of workshops and presenting two publications (

Teaching the History of South Eastern Europe and Clio in the Balkans. The Politics of History

Education), the Committee was able to identify the specific deficiencies of historical education, the differing characteristics of educational systems, the role of central administrations, educators’ wishes and the scope for innovative initiatives.

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Joint History Project Phase I - Book 2: Nations and States in Southeast Europe

Nations are one of the basic constituents of modern Europe and also of significant parts of the non-European world. Since the 19th century, the force of nationalist ideologies has shaped the actions of large groups of people and also the functioning of states. Southeast Europe is not an exception in this respect.

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Joint History Project Phase I - Book 3: The Balkan Wars

The Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 are an event of significant importance in the 20

th century history of Southeast Europe. Their long-term consequences have influenced the political, socio-economic and cultural development of the region for decades and some of their effects are still the subject of scientific and even public discussions. Historiography of the states involved in these wars have offered conflicting interpretations; varying not only between countries, but also within them. In countries such as Bulgaria and Turkey, the trauma of defeat triggered a quest for “responsibilities” while the identification of the “causes” of the war had political targets.

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Joint History Project Phase I - Book 4: The Second World War

According to the historian Mark Mazower, “no experience was more crucial to the development of Europe in the twentieth century [than the Second World War]... it was a struggle for the social and political future of the continent itself... We cannot hope to understand the subsequent course of European history without attending to this enormous upheaval and trying to ascertain its social and political consequences. The years of Nazi occupation, followed by the chaos of the immediate post-war period, sundered human ties, destroyed homes and communities, and in many cases uprooted the very foundations of society.”

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Political Parties and Minority Participation

Minority political participation is where minority rights and social attitudes towards minorities meet. Conventionally, minority rights include approaches to avoid discrimination and affirm cultural distinctiveness of the community. Minority rights have experienced substantial progress over the past decade. From a marginal topic during the Cold War, they have entered mainstream debates and instruments of human rights. The establishment of the High Commissioner on National Minorities of the OSCE, the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities of the Council of Europe and the Copenhagen Criteria for the admission of new members to the EU each provided for substantial advances in the promotion of minority rights.

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Strengthening Regional Stability through Human Security

The Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and the Center for Prevention and European Values (former Initiative for Peace-building and Democracy) in 2004 launched a project entitled “Partners in Peace and Prevention” which aimed at endorsing the concept of conflict prevention in order to raise awareness and social responsibility of the beneficiaries in the process of peace-building, democratization and integration. This conference was a continuation of the previous regional conferences “Prevention through Integration” and “Regional Perspective on Prevention-Stability, Human Security and Development”, which took place in Skopje, November 2005 and 2006 respectively, under the same project. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Macedonia...

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