Resurgent ideological and/or religious affiliations have brought about new dividing lines in BBS societies, thus making international reconciliation efforts even more difficult to develop the necessary momentum. Some divergences result from the genuine quest of large groups of
people to adapt their postcommunist societies to democratic values and integrate them with prosperous parts of Europe. This often involves intense political clashes, if not open hostilities, with those who have interests in preserving oligarchic methods of governance or are determined
to defend more ancient social values.